Hadoop Integration Guide for IBM CampaignWritten by: Nicholas Ford
Big Data. Big Details.
Many of you who attended our webinar on Connecting Hadoop Big Data to IBM Campaign and Interact Webinar requested that we provide more detailed technical information about how IBM Campaign was configured to work with Hadoop in the use cases we reviewed. Be forewarned! What follows is a highly technical integration guide of how to configure this type of connection in your environment and is not for the faint of heart.
If you are interested in understanding how Hadoop differs from traditional relational databases from a functional IBM Campaign perspective, you may find our blog on The Facts: Hadoop Big Data vs. Relational Databases more palatable.
Integration Guide Breakdown:
Step 1: Selecting a Hive ODBC Distribution
The first step to connect your IBM Campaign environment to your Apache Hive instance is to download and install a Hive ODBC Driver. IBM Campaign v9.1.2 supports the DataDirect and the Clouder ODBC Drivers, while v10.0 is also to support the Hortonworks driver.
DataDirect Apache Hive ODBC Driver from Progress.com
Cloudera ODBC Driver for Apache Hive
Hortonworks 64-bit ODBC Driver
Step 2: Installing the Hive ODBC Driver
1. Download the Hive ODBC driver from one of the providers listed above.
2. Upload the RPM file to the server hosting the Campaign Listener (analytics server).
3. Download the UnixODBC Manager, unixODBC-2.3.4, available from www.unixodbc.org.
4. Upload the unixODBC-2.3.4.tar.gz file to the Campaign Listener server.
5. Extract the unixODBC-2.3.4.tar.gz file on your Campaign Listener server.
tar –xvf unixODBC-2.3.4.tar.gz
6. Install the Cloudera Hive driver:
rpm –ivh ClouderaHiveODBC-188.8.131.525-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
**Note: root permissions may be required.
Step 3: Configure the ODBC.ini file
Once the ODBC driver is installed, you must configure your IBM Campaign server to be able to connect to the Hive distribution. First, you must configure the odbc.ini file which was either included with your Hive ODBC distribution or an existing driver. Edit the odbc.ini file and complete each of the configurations for your Hadoop/Hive instance.
Step 4: Configure the Campaign Environment Variables
Navigate to the Campaign Home directory and then open the setenv.sh file in the /bin directory. Update the LD_LIBRARY_PATH environment variable to include the /lib/64 path from your Hive ODBC driver directory. You must also add a new variable named ODBCINI, which points to the odbc.ini file you edited in the previous step.
Step 5: Importing the Hive Data Source Template
IBM Campaign versions 9.1.2 and later will include a Hive data source template which can be imported into the configurations. Locate the file named BigDataODBCHiveTemplate.xml within the /conf directory of Campaign Home.
Use the command:
./configTool.sh -i -p “Affinium|Campaign|partitions|partition1|dataSources” –f /mnt/ebs1/ibm/EMM/Campaign/conf/BigDataODBCHiveTemplate.xml
Step 6: Configuring the Hive Data Source
Within the Unica application, navigate to the Platform configurations via Settings -> Configuration. Locate the dataSources configurations in Campaign|partitions|partition1|dataSources. When you expand dataSources, you should see the option for (BigDataODBCHiveTemplate). If this option isn’t present, then the configTool command on the previous step was unsuccessful.
**Note: Ensure the DSN property matches the name specified in the odbc.ini file.
Step 7: Adding Test Data
To test your Hive integration, you’ll need to create a test table and insert some data to query. For this example, we will use a file which represents data that was taken from an online mortgage tool and transformed to a simple .csv file.
Place your test .csv file into the HDFS using the hdsfs dfs command.
Step 8: Creating a Test Table
Next, create the Hive table using this command.
You must then ensure that the data types reflect the data that is in our test.csv file.
CREATE EXTERNAL TABLE IF NOT EXISTS
ROW FORMAT DELIMITED
FIELDS TERMINATED BY ‘,’
STORED AS TEXTFILE
Step 9: Adding Data to Test Table
Next, load the data from the MRTG_TOOL.csv file into your Hive table.
load data local inpath ‘/home/hadoop/MRTG_TOOL.csv’ into table MORTGAGE_ENGAGEMENT_WL;
Step 10: Mapping the Hive Tables
For this step, you’ll need to map your Hive tables. This is accomplished the same way as regular user table mapping. Navigate to Settings -> Campaign Settings -> Manage table mappings.
Ensure your field names match as expected, then click Next and enter the name for the table within Campaign.
Step 11: Confirm the Table Mapping
Finally, you will test to ensure that you can access the data in our table. Open any flowchart and select the new table as the Input in a process box.
Still With Us?
If you are an experienced IBM Campaign administrator, you most likely noticed the commonalities with configuring traditional relational database sources – UDI (Universal Dynamic Interconnect), ODBC and flowchart process boxes remain relatively unchanged. Even so, those similarities are only skin deep, as working with Hadoop data sources typically demands a rethinking of how your campaigns can wield previously untouched, unstructured data.
For marketing campaign ideas for working with unstructured data, our webinar recording includes a summary of examples by industry to jumpstart your Hadoop project. If you are still struggling with your integration after reading the above steps, please reach out for advice and suggestions.
Nick is passionate about looking under the hood of complex marketing automation systems and explaining them to a diverse audience. This interest has lead Nick to deliver interactive and personalized experiences for clients in the telco, financial and retail industries. Nick is motivated by helping his clients to adopt and integrate emerging technologies such as Hadoop and cloud into their marketing ecosystems.